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The most common IELTS Writing Task 1 examples.

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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 requires you to analyse data in a particular format, such as line graph, bar chart, pie chart and others, and write a formal report. You must produce at least 150 words. Writing task 1 will test your ability:


  • to paraphrase given task and most commonly used vocabulary
  • to describe and compare given data
  • to select and report the main features
  • to describe a process
  • to use linking words adequately
  • to use cohesive and clear form to deliver the task

Below we list the examples of the most common formats you could be given in the IELTS Writing task 1.

Line graph

Writing Task 1 line graphs could present different subjects (expenditure, consumption, audience). They are the most common formats of the Academic IELTS test. Line graph in Writing Task 1 task usually describes changes over time and compares multiple items or products. You can be challenged even more when several line graphs are presented at once and you are required to describe various information.


Bar chart

A bar chart in Writing Task 1 IELTS test could be presented in horizontal or vertical layout. It demonstrates and compares the information of different types (age, products, or people).  Usually, one axis of the bar chart illustrates the specific categories being compared, and the other axis represents the value.


Pie chart

A pie chart is presented as a circular chart divided into sectors. It illustrates the data by numerical proportion. The pie charts as well as the line graphs are also rather common in Writing Task 1 in IELTS test.



Table is another commonly used form in the IELTS Writing task 1. The given data presents the number of products and the items value. As other tasks, it requires to objectively describe the information presented, compare, contrast and report using required layout.



Sometimes the IELTS Writing Task 1 requires you to describe a process. It is not a very commonly used form. However, there is still a possibility to face the task where you are required ‘to describe a process’. The process with different stages illustrates how something is made or how something works (photosynthesis, recycling, etc). Also, usually the basic vocabulary will be added to this task to assist you with your report.



The last common type of the Writing Task 1 in IELTS exam is maps. Maps present current, historical or proposed features. You are required to search for and identify the main or proposed changes over the given time.