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Present Perfect. Summary.

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A brief summary of the main things you need to remember about Present Perfect!

Present Perfect is formed as follows:

Subject + has/have + past participle


Present Perfect performs as a link the present and the past. The time of the action is not specified. The focus is on the result rather than the action.

Present Perfect grammar

We use it to talk about the following:
1. Situation that started in the past and continue in the present:

We’ve been together for 5 years (and we still are).
Jane has lived in London for many years (and she still does).

2. Experience.

I have never met anyone from abroad (up to now).
That’s the best present I have had (up to now).

3. Actions that happened in the very recent past, especially with “just”:

I’ve just finished my work.
Mr Johns has just called.

Just Begun Present Perfect

 

4. Actions that were repeated several times in the past:

I have read all Harry Potter books 3 times.
My parents have visited me many times here.

5. Actions that happened during the period of time that is not finished:

Alan has been to gym this week (this week is not over yet).
We’ve travelled a lot this year (this year is not over yet).